Monday, December 5, 2011


Android is the operating system for mobile phones based on Linux. Android provides an open platform to developers for creating their own applications for use by a variety of mobile devices. Initially, Google Inc.. buy Android Inc.., newcomers who make software for mobile phones. Then to develop Android, formed the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of 34 companies for hardware, software, and telecommunications, including Google, HTC, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, T-Mobile, and Nvidia.

At the inaugural release of Android, 5 November 2007, with the Open Handset Alliance Android states support the development of open standards on mobile devices. On the other hand, Google released the Android code under the Apache license, a license is open standard software and mobile devices.

In this world there are two types of distributors operating system Android. The first fully supported by Google or Google Mail Services (GMS) and the second is a completely free distribution without the direct support Google's otherwise known as the Open Handset Distribution (OHD).

History of Android (operating system)

In July 2000, Google Inc. in cooperation with the Android., A company located in Palo Alto, California, United States. The founders of Android Inc.. working at Google, including Andy Rubin and Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. At that time many consider the functions of Android Inc.. just as software on mobile phones. Since then rumors that Google was about to enter the mobile phone market. At the company Google, Rubin led the team in charge of developing programs of mobile devices supported by the Linux kernel. This shows an indication that Google is preparing for a competition in the mobile phone market.

Latest android version is version 3.0. Android also has joined with several smart mobile like Samsung, Sony Ericsson and others.

2007-2008: early Products
Around September 2007 a study reported that Google filed a patent application mobile phone (Google finally introduced the Nexus One, one type of GSM smart phone which uses the Android operating system. This mobile phone manufactured by HTC Corporation and is available on the market on January 5, 2010) .

On December 9, 2008, announced the new members who joined in the work program Android ARM Holdings, Atheros Communications, manufactured by Asustek Computer Inc., Garmin Ltd., Softbank, Sony Ericsson, Toshiba Corp., and Vodafone Group Plc. As the formation of the Open Handset Alliance, OHA announced their first product, Android, the mobile device (mobile) which is a modified Linux kernel 2.6. Since Android was released has been carried out various reforms in the form of bug fixes and new feature additions.

The first phone using Android operating system is the HTC Dream, which was released on October 22, 2008. At the end of 2009 is estimated at least in this world there are 18 types of mobile phones that use Android

Latest android version is version 3.0. Android also has joined with several smart mobile like Samsung, Sony Ericsson and others.

Android version 1.1

On March 9, 2009, Google released the Android version 1.1. Android version is equipped with an aesthetic update to the application, alarm clock, voice search (voice search), sending messages with Gmail, and email notifications.

Android version 1.5 (Cupcake)

In mid-May 2009, Google released a mobile phone using Android and the SDK (Software Development Kit) with version 1.5 (Cupcake). There are several updates including the addition of several features in this mobile version: the ability to record and watch videos with the camera mode, upload to Youtube videos and pictures to Picasa directly from the phone, A2DP Bluetooth support, the ability to automatically connect to a Bluetooth headset, animated scenes, and on-screen keyboard that can be tailored to the system.

Android version 1.6 (Donut)

Donut (version 1.6) was released in September by displaying the search process better than before, the use of a battery indicator and control applet VPN. Another feature is the gallery that allows users to select photos to be removed; cameras, camcorders and interface the gallery; CDMA / EVDO, 802.1x, VPN, Gestures, and Text-to-speech engine; ability to dial a contact; technological change text to speech (not available on all phones; procurement VWGA resolution.

Android version 2.0/2.1 (Eclair)

On December 3, 2009 re-launched Android phone with version 2.0/2.1 (Eclair), changes were made to the hardware optimization, improved Google Maps 3.1.2, change the UI with a new browser and support for HTML5, the new list of contacts, support flash for the camera 3 , 2 MP, digital zoom, and Bluetooth 2.1.

To move quickly in the competitive next-generation devices, Google held a competition to invest with the best mobile applications (killer apps - applications seeding). This competition with prizes $ 25,000 for each selected application developers. The competition was held during the two stages of each step of the selected 50 best applications.

With the growing and increasingly growing number of Android handsets, a growing number of interested third parties to distribute their applications to the Android operating system. Famous application is converted into the operating system Android is Shazam, Backgrounds, and WeatherBug. Android operating system in the Internet site is also considered important to create native Android applications, for example by MySpace and Facebook.

Android version 2.2 (Froyo: Frozen Yogurt)

On May 20, 2010, the Android version 2.2 (Froyo) was launched. The changes are generally against the previous versions include support for Adobe Flash 10.1, speed and performance of applications 2 to 5 times faster, integration V8 JavaScript engine used by Google Chrome that speeds rendering capability in the browser, the installation of applications in the SD Card, WiFi capabilities portable hotspot, and the ability to auto update in the Android Market application.

Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread)

On December 6, 2010, the Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread) was launched. General changes obtained from the Android version include increased ability of the game (gaming), improved copy paste function, the display interface (User Interface) redesigned, support for video formats VP8 and WebM, new audio effects (reverb, equalization, headphone virtualization, and bass boost), support the ability of Near Field Communication (NFC), and support the number of cameras is more than one.

Android version 3.0/3.1 (Honeycomb)

Android Honeycomb designed specifically for the tablet. Android version supports larger screen sizes. User Interface on Honeycomb is also different because it was designed for the tablet. Honeycomb also supports multi-processors and hardware acceleration (hardware) for graphics. The first tablet is made by running Honeycomb is the Motorola Xoom. Tablet devices with the Android 3.0 platform will soon be present in Indonesia. The device is called the Eee Pad Transformer production from Asus. Indonesia plans to enter the market in May 2011.

Similarly, we can lay out on the Android (operating system) which became the subject of this post, of course, still many shortcomings and weaknesses, because of the limited knowledge and lack of referral or reference that has to do with this post, Greetings and Thank You.

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